A female doctor specialises in conditions that affect women because of their biological and physical state. It might be important to note that not all female doctors have the same qualifications. You may come across an obstetrician, gynaecologist or OBGYN (specialises in obstetrics and gynaecological services).
It might also be good to note that a gynaecologist or obstetrician can be a man or a woman, even though you may come across women OBGYNs in most cases. Feel free to choose the gender you feel comfortable around. Here's what you need to know about female doctors.
These are doctors who specialise in concerns about pregnancy and birth. This involves providing care to pregnant women (usually referred to as antenatal care) and women after childbirth (usually referred to as postnatal care). Obstetricians can also conduct caesareans or intervene if you experience a complication during your pregnancy or if your pregnancy is classified as a high-risk pregnancy.
Examples of high-risk pregnancies are those where the mother has had a previous miscarriage, the foetus is growing outside the uterus, or the mother or child has an underlying condition that could put either in danger. These pregnancies need to be monitored closely by an obstetrician.
Obstetricians also help women with fertility problems find ways to bear children. Examples of such methods are fertility treatments as a form of therapy. If you also give birth to a premature baby, an obstetrician is skilled and experienced enough to offer services like a NICU (Neonatal Intensive Care Unit).
A gynaecologist is a doctor who specialises in caring for the reproductive system of a woman. This means from the time you start experiencing your period up to post-menopause. A young lady needs to be educated on what to expect of her body as she grows older. This includes changes her body goes through and lessons about sexuality, sexually transmitted diseases, genital cleanliness and contraceptives.
Gynaecologists may also offer services like pelvic exams, breast exams and pap smears. Note that young girls may not require these services unless they are showing symptoms. The earliest recommended age for a lady to visit a gynaecologist for these services is around 21 years, an age where she is more mature and aware of herself and her needs.
It is good to note that most, if not all, obstetricians can offer gynaecological services, especially if they refer to themselves as OBGYNs.